Wisdom teeth refer to the molars, which rise from the gums at ages from 17 to 25. Before going into the discussion regarding impacted wisdom teeth removal methods, let us first understand what problems an impacted wisdom tooth can pose for a patient and why removal becomes a necessity learn more.
The term “impaction of the wisdom tooth” refers to a condition in which that tooth had not erupted out of the gum line as it had been supposed to be. Rather the tooth was blocked by the gum itself, or by an existing tooth, or even by the bone inside. The consequence can be food debris accumulation in the surrounding area of the gums which might lead to growth of bacteria. Not only will the wisdom tooth decay, but even the subsequent tooth might decay too. Due to tooth decay and infection, the patient might face difficulty in opening his/her mouth, experience swelling and redness of the gums and also suffer from bad breath. Those individuals wearing braces will also face difficulty due to the impacted wisdom tooth. In this situation, there is no other way, but to remove it.
There are four types of impactions to be found in patients. These are:
• Vertical bone impaction: This causes pathosis within the jaw bone or the cheek bone.
• Horizontal bone impaction: Apart from causing pathosis, horizontal placement results in hurting the second molar’s hard tissue resulting in cavities and toothache.
• Angular bone impaction: This can also result in same adverse effects and suffering for the patients. This is also known as tissue impaction as the wisdom tooth directly breaks out of a tissue.
Impacted wisdom teeth removal technique
At times all the four wisdom teeth is removed, while at other times, each tooth is removed in separate sessions. Your oral surgeon will take the ultimate decision regarding the removal. X-rays will be taken to determine the extent of infection or how close the impacted teeth are to the gums surface.
Prior to the removal of the tooth, you will be given a local anesthetic for numbing the region. In case multiple wisdom teeth are to be removed, a general anesthesia is given. For removing the impacted tooth, the dentist opens the gum tissue lying above the tooth and takes out the bone which covers the tooth. The tissue that connects the bone to the tooth is removed, followed by the removal of the tooth. In some cases, the oral surgeon cuts the tooth into several small pieces for easy removal.